Kazakhstan’s interim president Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, chosen successor of veteran ruler Nursultan Nazarbayev who retains sweeping powers, won a snap presidential election which observers say was tarnished by violations of basic freedoms.
Nazarbayev, who ruled oil producer Kazakhstan for almost three decades, handpicked the 66-year-old career diplomat as his successor when he stepped down in March. In a power-sharing arrangement, Nazarbayev, 78, remains chairman of the influential Security Council and leads the ruling Nur Otan party.
With Tokayev winning nearly 71 per cent of the vote in a race against six rivals largely unknown to Kazakh voters, opponents denounced the election as unfair, prompting public protests despite Kazakhstan’s restrictive laws on freedom of expression.
Monitors from Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe said “a lack of regard for fundamental rights, including detentions of peaceful protestors, and widespread voting irregularities on election day, showed scant respect for democratic standards.”
During Sunday’s vote, police arrested 500 people at rallies in Almaty and Nur-Sultan, the capital city previously known as Astana that was renamed after Nazarbayev at Tokayev’s suggestion.
On Monday the number of protesters was much smaller as hundreds of police gathered at the Almaty park where Sunday’s rally took place. A Reuters correspondent saw police detain a few dozen people.
The Kazakh state closely controls domestic politics and public discourse. The vast majority of local media does not criticize Nazarbayev, and social media and online messaging platforms were restricted during Sunday’s election.
Tokayev, meanwhile, received congratulations from fellow Central Asian leaders such as Uzbek and Kyrgyz presidents. “We must unite to work for the future of Kazakhstan,” Tokayev’s campaign website quoted him as saying.
Nazarbayev’s eldest daughter Dariga became the speaker of the Senate in March, the post previously held by Tokayev, and members of the ex-president’s family control some key business assets such as Kazakhstan’s largest bank, Halyk.